DIY Arrangements Using Fall Wildflowers

 

Simple Beautiful Wildflower Arrangments

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A stroll through a park, meadow or forest is a wonderful way to unwind and get in touch with the cycle of life. Blue skies and vibrant colors on an autumn will inspire you to spice up your traditional decor this year with your imagination and what you find on your walks.

The daily grind of life often smothers our creative thinking process. Creativity is often defined as using resources available to you to produce original material and ideas. While it is resourceful to use other people’s ideas, you can gain self-satisfaction from seeing your own ideas come to life.

If you live in an area with a variety of deciduous trees that change color, collect some pretty ones and take a close-up look. You will see that most are spotted, two-toned or have a “tie-dyed” look. Take a bag with you so you can pick up the best specimens. I’ll bet you can come up with a creative way to display them. Just remember that if you are going to use them in an arrangement they will dry and crumble in a day or two so be prepared to show your display right away.

Goldenrod is a prevalent wild lower across North America that showcases in the Fall. There are several varieties, and they take the rap for aggravating allergies when it is actually ragweed that is the bad guy.

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Using Goldenrod in Arrangements

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A big bouquet of goldenrod alone in a glass container makes a tasteful centerpiece. Add a ribbon of Autumn colors or designs if desired. Depending on the region where you live, the fields are rich with an assortment of Fall wildflowers. Finding and identifying them can be a fun activity as well.

Be creative as you look around your particular region. I found that leftover blackberries dried on a fading vine added interest to my bouquets along with some yellowing wild grapevine. Learn to include what is indigenous to your region.

After your walk, look around your home for glass vases, old watering cans, and other containers to creatively display your finds. Acorns seed pods, red berries, small pine cones and other natural objects can be placed in glass jars to display.

Fall Art Projects

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When I was a child we pressed our leaves between sheets of wax paper with a warm iron to help preserve them. Nowadays we can take this process a step further with clear Contact brand plastic sheeting. A great project to do with kids is to create leaf place mats for Thanksgiving.

 

Other ideas for preserved leaves include mobiles or sun catchers. Follow directions for making a mobile and use your leaf cut-outs. Purchase small suction cups at a craft store and glue to your leaf cut-outs for some unique suncatchers. How impressed your guests will be to see real leaves as sun catchers in a sunny window!

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Be Creative,Be Green

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What I have attempted to relate by sharing my projects is that by opening up to the natural resources around us we can help our creative juices flow. I have often found it satisfying to use others’ ideas as a springboard to come up with personalized projects.My projects will not look exactly like theirs because I have used my own resources. And unlike plastic decorations, natural items are mostly free and always a sustainable choice. Being a good steward to Earth is one more thing to feel good about. Happy Autumn!

You may also like this idea for a simple, sustainable wreath.

 

Using The Calendar For Teaching Basic Math Concepts

Elementary Math Using the Calendar

A calendar is a great tool for teaching basic skills to elementary age children. Walk in any elementary classroom and you will likely see a colorful, seasonal calendar attached to a bulletin board and surrounded by a variety of teaching aids. A table may be added to the area to hold manipulatives, games and task cards, making it double as a math learning station.

You don’t have to have a classroom to use a calendar for teaching math. Parents, homeschoolers, and tutors can use any calendar as long as it is a monthly one and not a daily display calendar. Activities vary from grade level to grade level. The following teaching suggestions are divided into primary (PreK-2 grade) and elementary ( 3rd-5th grade). They will help meet the math teaching standards in all states.

Primary Grade Calendar Math

For really young students, like pre-k through grade one, or older, disabled students, the teacher will want to build the calendar together with the class.

Number Recognition

On the first day of the month, review the names of all 12 months and introduce the new month. Pass out number cards (1-30, 31 or 28) and have students bring the correct one to pin on the calendar.

Ordinal Numbers

Calendar time is the perfect opportunity to introduce students to ordinal numbers and their endings. Each day, demonstrate how to write the date as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and so on.

Number Sequencing

Use the calendar to practice skip counting by 2s and also to talk about numbers that come before and after. If today is the 22nd of the month, ask what yesterday’s date was. What will be tomorrow’s date?

Time sequencing

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Number Riddles

Increase children’s number sense with number riddles each day. Vary in difficulty as time goes by. Examples:

  1. I come after the number 3. What number am I?
  2. I am the sum of this Tuesday and next Wednesday.What number am I?
  3. I am the number of the 2nd Tuesday this month. What number am I?
  4. It is important for children to develop a sense of time. Use calendar math time to learn the order of the months and the days of the week. Look for songs and rhymes to use for teaching the order of the days and months.

    Question students about what month comes before and after the current month. This is a good time to talk about seasons also.

    Vary the difficulty of questions as time goes by, challenging students to think.

    1. What is the date one week from today?
    2. What month will it be two months after Christmas?
    3. What was the date two weeks ago from yesterday?

    Place Value

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    Beside the calendar, place a ones, tens hundreds pockets chart. You can even use three plastic cups stapled on the bulletin board. Be sure to use the labels ones, tens and hundreds. Beginning on the first day of school, the teacher shows the calendar math helper how to place a straw or Popsicle stick in the ones pocket.

    One the 10th day of school, it is time to “bundle” the straws or sticks with a rubber band. Every 10 days from here on, you will bundle and add to the tens pockets. The kids will be thrilled when there or 10 bundles of 10s on the hundredth day of school.

    Operations

    A calendar makes the perfect number line for simple addition and subtraction. Show students how to add problems like 6+ 9 by starting on day six and jumping forward nine days.

    Likewise, subtract by jumping backward in time. What was today’s date six days ago? what number sentence shows that operation?

    Counting Money

    Counting money is a lot of fun using calendar math. Each day is a penny, five days a nickel . Trade two nickles for a dime on the tenth day.

    The 25th day of school is a quarter. Trade two quarters for a half-dollar on the 50th day of school. Use large paper coins to display the money in a piggy bank pinned to the calendar math bulletin board. So if it is the 62nd day in school, for example, you will have a half-dollar, a dime,and two pennies.

    After 99 cents, kids will be thrilled to add a paper dollar for the 100th day of school.

    Graphing

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    Students can help the teacher create a pictograph or bar graph depicting the number of rainy days, sunny days, etc.

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    Elementary Grade Calendar Math

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    For older students, days can be added one at a time at the calendar circle times. Although some of the objectives are the same, skills become more advanced with each grade level. They still love counting the days of school and modeling the ones, tens, and hundreds, but now, they will use the day to write decimals and percentages.

    Number Sense

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    Patterning is an important skill that will help students later on with algebraic concepts. Some teachers like to use seasonal symbols like pumpkin, ghost bat. Others just use colors. You can use geometric shapes and help students identify them, covering an important geometry standard.

    Use the calendar time to learn about odd and even numbers and prime and composite numbers. Tell whether each day is odd or even. Let the calendar math helper write these in the correct place.

    Have students tell whether each day is a prime or composite number. The 13th of the month is prime because its only factors are one and 13. Is October 25th a prime or composite day? Composite, because it has 5, 1 and 25 as factors. On “composite days”, have students create factoring trees as part of their morning work.

    Students can use the calendar for harder skip counting like 3s, 4s, and 6s.

    Place Value

    Show students how to write “big numbers” by turning the month into a number. For example May 25th, 2014 would be written as 5,252,014. Whatever the date is, start on the right and place commas after each set of 3 numbers. December 22, 2016, would, therefore be 12, 222,013.

    Have a place value pocket chart from ones to ten millions pinned to the calendar math bulletin board. The calendar math helper can place number cards in the pouches to show the date.

    Use ones, tens and hundreds for counting the days in school. Students can write these as decimals and percentages. For example, the 82nd day of school would be written as .82 and 82%. The 102nd day? 1.02 which is one whole and 2 tenths., or one whole and 2 percent.

    Operations

    Students in later grades are expected to be able to perform column addition and regroup. Pick three or four days and have students add them together. For example, say, add last Wednesday’s date, today’s date and next Thursday’s and Friday’s date together.

    Use the calendar for teaching fractions. For example, the 6th of December would be written as 6/12ths. After introducing simplifying fractions, a student could show how to reduce this to 1/2. Some days will be improper fractions. For example,February 7th would be 7/2. Students can divide to get the mixed number 3 and 1/2. December 12th will be 12/12 and makes the whole number, one.

    Counting Money

    Counting money is pretty much the same for all grade levels. This skill can be parallel to place value and decimals. One way to make counting money more complex it to add days together. For example, what is the total of the 160th day and the 161st day. Students would add $1.60 and $1.61.

    Some teachers of older students use thousands and add them to a depositor each day. For example, the 1st is $100 dollars, and the 10th is $10,000 dollars. Likewise, the 20th is $20,000. Add another thousand to the depositor on the next day, the 21st.

    Time Sequence

    Again, time sequence and awareness of time is important for elementary students as well. Make it more difficult with more complex tasks.

    1. You have a dental appointment 2 weeks from next Tuesday. What is the date of your dental appointment?
    2. We started our Social Studies unit five weeks ago from yesterday. What date did we begin the unit?
    3. What will be the date nine months after Christmas day? What month is five months before December?

     

     


Healthy Smoothie Recipes For Kids: The Funny Face Gang

 

Food Research and Healthy Eating

Do you remember Rootin’ Tootin’ Raspberry, Goofy Grape, Lefty Lemon and the rest of the Funny Face Drink mix gang? They were powdered drink mixes introduced by the Pillsbury company in 1964. Promoted as a sugar-free, artificially sweetened beverage, they were designed to be highly appealing to children.

The Funny Face gang gave Kool-Aid man some stiff competition until the drink mixes were pulled off the shelf in 1968 by the FDA. Due to advancing food science and research they were declared unsafe for being sweetened with cyclamates. The company turned to saccharin with no luck. Finally, in 1972 they added vitamin C to a “just add sugar” beverage mix but Kool-Aid won in the end and the Funny Face gang is no longer available.

Health Benefits of Antioxidants 

Advances in food science and research exploded into the latter part of the 20th century and continues to grow in producing valid and reliable results from research. For some time now, health organizations have recognized and promoted eating lots of fruits and vegetables for their antioxidant-rich properties.

Thanks to research we know that anti-oxidants, as the term implies, attacks damaging oxidation in animal tissue. They contain vitamins, minerals and enzymes (proteins that assist in chemical reactions) thought to prevent the development of several chronic diseases including the dreaded “c word,cancer.

In response to modern food research findings, we would like to introduce the Super Foods Smoothies For Kids gang: meet Strawberry Kiwi Karl, Pineapple Mango Maggie, Coconut Chocolate Chip Charlie, Banana Blueberry Buster and Cherry Vanilla Vanessa.

Smoothies are very healthy and kids can make them easily. Provide the ingredients and they can make them with minimal help from adults. The only kitchen equipment needed is a blender. For safety, make sure the children understand never to stick hands or utensils into the blender while it is churning. It is best that the adult cuts up the fruit for the smoothies

Best Yogurt to use in Smoothies

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All Super Food Smoothies For Kids are made with Greek yogurt. Because Greek yogurt has been strained to remove liquid whey, which contains lactose and sugar, it is an excellent smoothie choice for the lactose intolerant. It’s significantly higher protein content keeps kids full longer helping them avoid later snacking on high fat and sugar foods. It gives smoothies a creamier texture than regular yogurt that children will prefer.

All yogurt contains a higher amount of carbs when sweetened with sugar. Super Foods Smoothies For Kids are sweetened with honey. Although honey is sugar in another form, it contains some trace minerals that sugar doesn’t. Since it has a higher sweet taste concentration it will take less honey than sugar to sweeten, making them more palpable to kids.

Comparison Of Regular And Greek Nonfat Yogurt
Nutritional Unit
Regular Yogurt
Greek Yogurt
protein
9 grams
15 to 20 grams
carbohydratres
13 to 17 grams
5 to 8 grams
calcium
30 percent of recommended daily intake
20 percent of recommended daily intake
fat
0 grams
0 grams
sugars
12 grams or more
2.5 to 3 grams
Based on 6-ounce servings

Best Recipe for Greek Yogurt Smoothies

The best basic recipe for smoothies using Greek yogurt calls for 3/4 cup of yogurt, 1 and 1/2 cups of fruit, 1/4 cup of water and 3 to 4 ice cubes. Sweeten with one tablespoon of honey, Use less with blueberries thanks to their natural sweetness. Blend all ingredients in a blender.

Fruit combinations for each Super Food Smoothies For Kids are listed below with some of the nutritional benefits especially relevant to kids.

Super Smoothies for Kids Characters

For added fun and involvement try having the kids make hats for the smoothie characters. Color and cut out the hats below. Punch two holes with a hole punch. Thread a colorful straw through the hats. Draw faces with Sharpie markers(it washes off of glass easily) for the smoothie characters.Kids will enjoy helping to make garnishes for the smoothies using fruit and skewers.

Use one or more of the fruits listed below, or come up with your own favorite fruit combo and give your Super Food Smoothie a name!

Kiwi Karl

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Strawberries are loaded with vitamin C. They help boost immunity and reduce inflammation.Strawberries are associated with better eye health and help fight cancer causing free radicals.

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Kiwi fruit is thought to help reduce wheezing and coughing at night especially benefiting children with asthma.

Pineapple Mango Maggie

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Pineapples contain Bromeliads that help with digestion, speed recovery of injury and reduce swelling.

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Mango fruit is a source of Glutamine acid which has been shown to be of use to boost memory and improve concentration in children.

Coconut Chocolate Chip Charlie

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Dark Chocolate dark is very rich in poly phenols which are good news for chocolate lovers. Poly phenols are known to be inhibitors of the oxidation of LDL cholesterol.

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In addition to fiber, vitamins and minerals scientist are discovering certain medicinal benefits for coconut. Some of the research indicates enzymes in coconut may kill the flu virus, attack herpes, measles and hepatitis-c among other benefits. Turns out, coconut is a highly nutritious food.

 

Blueberry Banana Buster

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Blueberries  contain  fiber, potassium, folate, vitamin C, vitamin B6,and phytonutrients. The fiber in blueberries helps lower the total amount of cholesterol in the blood and decrease the risk of heart disease

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Bananas  help maintain healthy blood pressure by decreasing sodium and increasing potassium. Researchers found that children who ate a banana a day had a lower risk of developing asthma.

Cherry Vanilla Vanessa 

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Red cherries are packed with anti-oxidants that have anti-inflammatory.Heart health benefits are also linked to cherries.

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Vanilla extract can help children’s nausea, help heal wounds and may reduce anxiety.

Use fresh or frozen cherries for the same health benefits

Super Smoothie Gang Templates

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Sub Sandwich Recipe: Easy Healthy Pizza Sub

Easy Healthy Pizza Sub

 

Pizza Recipes

Did you ever know anyone who didn’t like pizza? Probably not since pizza is quite possibly one of the world’s favorite foods. In fact, the Neapolitan, a true Italian pizza is number two on the World’s 50 most favorite foods. With a few simple ingredients, it’s probably the local version of US southern cornbread. A crust made of wheat flour, three kinds of tomatoes, olive oil, salt, and basil makes the Neapolitan a classic.

History of Pizza

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Historians tend to credit Greeks rather than Italians with the invention of pizza. This is probably because of their habit of piling different ingredients atop flatbread. The earliest Italian pizzas were either sweet or savory mixtures on flat bread. The word pizza first appeared in Latin text in the town of Gaeta in southern Italy around 997 AD. It was a noun describing an endowment that certain tenant farmers were to present to the town bishop at Christmas and Easter.

A flatbread existed in 16th century Naples called pizza. A poor man’s dish, it was sold in the streets long before it became a recipe. By the 17th century, the flatbreads in early pizzas were covered with a red sauce that was later replaced with tomatoes and perhaps fish. By 1843 toppings were growing more and more diverse. In the late 18th century the culinary art of adding tomatoes to yeast flatbread became commonplace in Naples. Pizza became a tourist attraction much like shrimp creole in New Orleans.

In June of 1889, it is said that a Neapolitan chef created “Pizza Margherita” in honor of the Queen consort of Italy by the same name. It was garnished with tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil to represent the colors of the Italian flag.

Modern Day Pizza

Pizza got a slow start in the New World, or North America, as European settlers thought tomatoes to be poisonous. The dish was introduced in America in the late 19th century when Italian immigrants arrived in America. Sold on the streets, it became a popular food in cities like NYC, Chicago, and Philly; and the rest they say is history.

Today pizza comes in all sorts of forms and variations. There are mini pizzas, with pizza ingredients atop a halved English muffin, pizza rolls frozen in a box for snacking and pizza salad. Pizza recipes offer everything from gourmet pizzas to healthy pizzas. There are even fruit and dessert pizza recipes.

Try a submarine sandwich pizza for a fun twist on pizza. Use whole wheat sub rolls, low-fat cheeses, fresh chopped veggies and lean ground beef or pork. This healthy mixture will allow you to slip in a few pepperonis and still have a healthy meal.

 

Ingredients For Pizza Sub

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  • Four whole wheat sub rolls
  • 16-ounce jar Italian sauce, pre-made or homemade
  • One 8 ounce package Italian cheese mix, shredded
  • 1/2 cup each red onions, green peppers, mushrooms, black olives, chopped
  • 1 cup ground beef or sausage, cooked and crumbled
  • pepperonis
Instructions
  1. Lightly toast halved rolls. Spread with Italian sauce
  2. Add pepperonis and ground sausage or beef. Top with cheese mixture.
  3. Sprinkle on onions, peppers, mushrooms and black olive slices.
  4. Top with another layer of cheese, and return to oven until the top layer of cheese melts.

Writing Your First Novel: How To Get Started.

Manual for First Time Fiction Writers

If you decided to learn how to do your own plumbing around the house, where would you start? Assuming, that is, that you didn’t want to attend a trade school? You might consider a self-help book like Plumbing for Dummies, right? That’s just the way I got started on writing my first novel. That, along with some very good bloggers like WD’s Chuck Sambucino and C.S. Lakin, and Kristen Lamb.

I found Writing Fiction for Dummies coauthored by Randy Ingermanson and Peter Economy very helpful for learning the basics of novel writing. I had my story premise and a list of main characters thought out before purchasing this book. That was helpful, but not totally necessary.

The authors divided the book into four main parts:  Part I, Getting Ready to Write Fiction, Part II, Creating Compelling Fiction, Part III, Editing and Polishing Your Story and Characters, Part IV, Getting Publishing, and a special part V, The Part of Tens (ten steps to designing your story and ten reasons publishers reject your work).

The first four parts are broken into chapters and chapter parts that get very, very detailed. This makes it is quite a comprehensive guide for building your story, your story world, and developing your characters and plot. One of the first things I learned is that to be effective, your story must create a powerful emotional experience in the reader. And my favorite line: The only rule there is in writing fiction is that there are no rules. But, that doesn’t mean just anything goes, either. Rather, there is a first time for anything that works.

Pantsters and Outliners

The authors point out that everyone’s writing paradigm is different falling somewhere between an out-liner, writing by the seat-of-the-pants, and edit-as-you-go. An out-liner takes a top-down approach, outlining the whole story and then writing it. A pantster (a la Stephen King) just writes, outlining and editing  last for a bottoms-up approach.  An edit-as-you-go approach falls in between.

I thought of some of my best ideas while writing my novel pantster-style, but I did edit along the way. I tended to outline chapter-by-chapter rather than the whole thing at once. I don’t think that approach would work for me. I found myself doing what Stephen King describes as “digging and finding fossils and brushing them off carefully to put the whole together.”  I did, however, know how the story was going to end. I found myself making a very rough outline of all of the chapters to end of the book about half-way through my first draft.

Five Pillars of Fiction

This Dummies manual explains the five pillars of fiction: setting, characters, plot, theme, and style.  It explains the seven elements of novels: action, dialogue, interior monologue (thoughts), interior emotion, description, flashback, and narrative summary and how to use each effectively. All of the different points of view that novel writers can choose to use are explained with tips on how to use them. (Third person, past tense is the suggested POV for beginning novelists).

The authors divide the novel-writing process  using a layering approach. The storyline and the 3-act structure is the top layer. The middle layer gets more concise and consists of synopsis, scene list, and scene. Then it really gets helpful with action, dialogue, and all the other elements that make up the lowest level of the story.

One thing that really helped me was the explanation of writing in “clips.” A clip is one paragraph that contains either public or private information. A private clip is information that the POV character does, says, thinks or feels. A public clip is what the POV character sees, hears, smells….think the senses. This gives your reader the uncanny feeling of being in the story.

A section on how to create real and compelling characters was helpful.  The authors suggest conducting character interviews to help you create these imaginary people. Ask questions about how they think, feel, likes, dislikes, how old they are…just brainstorm questions and record what your characters “say.” This really helps you “get into the skin of the character.”

The authors include chapters on how to scrutinize and edit, polishing and submitting your work, and some reasons why novels get rejected. Fiction Writing for Dummies is a very comprehensive resource for writing your first novel.

“Composting” Your Story

I discovered that a story idea is like planting a seed in your mind that grows. That seed is called a premise, and it’s quite simply the answer to the question, “what is your story about?” It is also called the storyline or log line. The best example I can give is the storyline for the movie  Pretty Woman  which goes something like this: A wealthy gentleman falls in love with a hooker he hires for a business trip. I also found out that this very storyline will be of utmost importance when it is time to write your synopsis and query letter. It forms the basis of your pitch should you attend a writer’s conference.

But until the story is told, that seeds sits there and grows with ideas. It is “composting,” and I found this to be the most fun of the whole novel-writing process. I still have the notebook that I used to write down ideas. It includes bits of scenes and conversations that may or may not have made it in the final story. That process, along with my character interviews are the two methods that helped me the most.

And whether or not you get a book deal or self-publish, if you complete enough words (at least 40,000) to make a story, you have accomplished something that not just anyone has, and you should be proud. I know I am.

Organizing The Early Childhood Classroom

The Life of an Early Childhood Teacher

 

Pay scales for teachers remain a debated issue ranging from merit pay to the traditional yearly step increase. Having teaching experience at every grade level in both general and special education, I have always been a proponent of what I call the “youngest student rule” which states the “younger the student, the greater the pay”. I base my deduction on the fact that the younger the student, the more active supervision they need.

Students in the early grades may have learning disabilities and other problems that have yet to be diagnosed. Maturity can be an issue, and teachers, as well as parents, may overlook a problem just because it is “too soon to tell.” Additionally, budget cuts may increase class size and staff reductions that can really wreck havoc in the life of an early childhood teacher. The teachers assistants can be cut as well as additional support staff. Special area classes such as art, music, and physical education may well be cut making it even more stressful for the EC teacher. Now she must provide that instruction as well as giving up what would have otherwise been valuable planning time.

Early learning is very important. It sets the stage for the entire educational life of the student. An early childhood classroom has some important differences from the elementary classroom organization. A good positive early learning experience provides the basis for life-long learning. That could be another argument for my youngest student pay scale rule.

As I know of no school system that goes by my “early childhood teacher that needs more pay theory” then I shall share some organizational ideas for the early childhood classroom that I hope will help.

Why Stay Organized?

 

Organization is a key factor in classroom management at any grade level and will ensure smooth operating all through the day. The well-organized classroom fosters improved instruction and promotes better student behavior. If the teacher has to stop and look for materials, then what educators refer to as downtime can occur. Students will not be engaged in the lesson. Therefore, a lack of good instruction can cause behavior problems.

The teacher of young children will make hundreds of decisions during a typical day. Thousands of thoughts will pass through her mind. A well-organized classroom can help a teacher concentrate on the lesson to be taught and the needs of the students.

Organization will mean smoother transitions between activities. Less time will be wasted. Young students will feel more secure and happier. The teacher, in turn, will be less tired at the end of the day and have more energy for herself, her family and for preparing for the next day’s activities. It is a win-win situation!

Take a picture tour of one super teacher’s classroom to spark ideas for organizing an early childhood classroom.

Students start the day with assigned and attractive places for storing personal belongings.

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Tables are best for seating in an EC classroom, allowing efficient traffic flow. Carpeted flooring is comfy and cozy for sitting on the floor at circle time.

 

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Four early childhood students work comfortably at a table four by two feet. Names tags are on wide clear tape for durability.

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Built-in shelves house lots of plastic storage containers holding everything from crayons to flash cards.Tree shaped sentence strip holder utilizes space well.

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A Circular table is a space-saving way to include computers in the EC classroom. Covering bulletin boards with cloth keeps ugly rips and tears away, saving time

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Calendar math is a bulletin board, large group instruction area and a learning center all-in-one. Students learn a multitude of math concepts in one place.

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Concept maps help organize learning material for young minds.

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Horseshoe table is a must for small group instruction. The bags on the table contain individual reading materials that students transport from home to school.

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Store math manipulatives in good-sized plastic storage containers. A must have for manipulatives and small learning tools.

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Leveled readers neatly displayed in color-coded boxes.

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Sturdy wooden Big Book holders are available from educational specialty stores. Big Books are great for read-alouds.

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Slip-on pouches on chairs are great for storing student materials. Turn one end of a pillow sham inside out and slip it over the top of the chair.

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Calabash Seafood: What Is Calabash Style

Calabash Seafood

Blessed is the seafood lover that lives, has friends or gets to travel often through a region in the Carolinas that begins just at the border of North and South Carolina, and ends on the outskirts of Myrtle Beach’s Grand Strand.

A drive through the area has signs offering Calabash style seafood, a way of preparing seafood that has been used in the region for many years.

Read on and you will find out what Calabash style seafood is, how it came to be and an easy way to prepare it at home.

What is Calabash Seafood?

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The answer begins by asking another question. Where is Calabash?

Calabash is a small fishing village located near Little River, South Carolina. Nearby tourists areas include Ocean Isle, Sunset, and Holden Beaches. The larger Grand Strand of Myrtle Beach is less than an hour’s drive to the south.

The town had a population of 711 at the year 2000 census. It used to be even smaller and is still a small, quaint village. The main source of income for many of the village people is the seafood business. Fishermen take their boats out to sea and catch shrimp, flounder, and other seafood to sell to larger markets.

Fish Camps

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Back in the old days, the town folk would have get-togethers called fish fries outdoors. These became known as fish camps. Then sometime in the 1940s, two sisters, Ruth Beck and Lucy Coleman, opened a restaurant featuring fresh fish prepared in a style the locals loved. The method included soaking freshly caught seafood in a thin, seasoned batter and then deep frying it.

Today, there is a trove of seafood restaurants in the area that serve Calabash style seafood. Some are very fancy, and some have remained quaint. But they all include Calabash fish on the menu. About 30 restaurants in Calabash alone serve Calabash-style seafood.

People in the fishing business here are not keen on the idea that the greater Myrtle Beach area uses the name Calabash for their seafood. Calabashians claim you can only get true Calabash style seafood in Calabash.

Calabash and Tourism

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Despite the competition that spreads to the south, Calabash restaurant owners do well with the business they receive from the tourists and residents of the nearby beaches and towns to the west. Calabash in itself has become somewhat of a tourist attraction. A huge gift shop and local art gallery now attract plenty of business.

 

Calabash Seafood Secret Ingredient

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The secret ingredient for Calabash seafood is-well, fresh seafood. Anyone that has ever eaten freshly caught fish, whether fresh or salt water, will attest to the fact that there is a huge difference in the taste. The sooner after being caught that it is eaten, the better it tastes.

Calabash style fish is made with shrimp, flounder, and oysters. Popular side dishes with Calabash style fish have traditionally been creamy cole slaw, french fries, baked beans, corn-on-the-cob and of course hush puppies. For those not familiar with hush puppies, they are simply cornmeal, onions, egg and a little milk that is dropped into hot grease to fry. People love to add hot sauce, tarter sauce and perhaps lemon and butter. This all gets washed down with plenty of sweet tea.

Maybe not the healthiest fish dish, it is always fried but always fresh. If you are ever near Calabash, you really must stop if you are even remotely fond of seafood. And who’s to say that this style can’t be done with freshly-caught freshwater fish. Just don’t tell the locals in Calabash. They will call you crazy.

Calabash Style Seafood Recipe

Ingredients
  • Fresh fish, flounder, shrimp, oysters, more
  • 2 Cups Milk
  • 1 Cup Flour
  • 1 Cup Cornmeal
  • Black pepper and paprika, to taste
  • Vegetable oil, for frying
Instructions
  1. Mix ingredients in a bowl. Add fish, shrimp, etc.
  2. Let the fish or seafood soak while you prepare the rest of the meal.
  3. Heat 2 inches of oil in a skillet or use a deep fryer.
  4. Cook each kind of fish separately on 3 minutes on each side.
  5. Serve with lemon, butter, hot sauce, cocktail or tarter sauce.

Good Night, Mrs. Calabash.

For years, Jimmy Durante signed off from his old radio and TV show saying “Good night Mrs. Calabash, wherever you are.” It was always a mystery of sorts, and Jimmy preferred to keep it that way. Some claim that it was his way of a tribute to his late wife. They had resided in a town called Calabasas in California before she died in 1943. But to the locals, Mrs. Calabash is no mystery. Durante stopped while passing through the area during the 1940s after Miss Lucy Coleman and Miss Ruth Beck opened the first Calabash seafood restaurant. He was so taken with the food and the two young women, especially Miss Lucy, that he left saying he would make her famous. Miss Lucy Coleman was Durante’s Mrs. Calabash.

What To Do With Tomatoes: Sliced Diced Stewed And Dried

 

What to do with all those tomatoes

Summer in the south just wouldn’t be the same without juicy, vine-ripened tomatoes. They are quite possibly the most versatile fruit from the garden. (Yes, they are a fruit, not a vegetable). Growing your own tomatoes is a great way to stretch your food budget both summer and winter. Enjoy them fresh all summer all the way until fall’s first frost.

Savor the flavor of a BLT sandwich made with fresh sliced tomatoes and a tall glass of sweet iced tea.

Dice them along with other veggies for a delightful garden salad,or cold pasta salad.

Slice green ones for a platter of fried green tomatoes, a southern delicacy that inspired a Hollywood hit movie.

Can stewed tomatoes in jars for delicious soups and sauces next winter.

Learn to make sun dried tomatoes that will add a gourmet touch to recipes.

Canned or frozen tomatoes can be used in many dishes all winter. An added bonus is the nutritional value in tomatoes. They are a truly nutritious food. Loaded with vitamin C, and the antioxidants lycopene and zeaxanthin, tomatoes help fight skin cancer and eye disease.

Growing tomatoes can be challenging at times, but fairly easy if you follow a few tricks and tips. Try using the tips on growing tomatoes at the end of this article for growing your next crop. Chances are, you too will be wondering what to do with all those tomatoes!

What to do with sliced tomatoes

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One of my favorite ways of using sliced tomatoes is making fried green tomatoes, a dish that has risen from country simplicity to gourmet goodness. Use tomatoes that are green in color upon ripeness, or true green, unripe ones. Slice them about a quarter of an inch thick. Spread the slices out on paper towels and salt them down with kosher salt. Let them sit for about half an hour. This helps remove the water from the tomato slices.

Meanwhile, beat a couple of eggs with a dollop of milk, in a bowl with a fork. Set up a breading station near the stove with a bowl of flour and cornmeal in separate bowls. Add some cayenne pepper to the cornmeal. Heat an eighth of an inch of oil with a pat of butter on medium heat. Right when the butter begins to sizzle, dip each tomato slice in flour first, then the egg mixture, and finally the cornmeal. Use a fork to do this. Fry the slices until golden brown, turning once. Serve these tangy tomato slices with a sauce made of mayonnaise, pickle relish, and hot sauce. This is a delicious appetizer!

What to do with diced tomatoes

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Create a classic tossed side salad for a main meal with diced tomatoes, lettuce, and other Summer garden veggies. Make a huge one when grilling out. It’s the only side dish you will need! Learn to grow a few varieties of lettuces, or pick heads of lettuce up cheaply at a produce stand.

Diced tomatoes can be used in cold pasta salads and quick, hot stir-fries. Toss tuna or chicken with pasta, diced tomatoes, squashes and cucumbers, peppers, and whatever other fresh goodies you might have with salad dressing, and make a unique pasta salad for dinner. A little olive oil, a saute pan or wok, chicken or beef strips, diced tomatoes and other Summer veggies is an inexpensive stir-fry for another night!

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Make bruschetta, another great appetizer or party food with finely diced tomatoes, garlic, onions and fresh chopped basil. I use Roma and Golden Boy tomatoes for greater color. If you have leftover hot dog or hamburger buns, use those to save money. Slice the buns at a slant for visual interest. Otherwise used sliced Italian bread. Top the slices with olive oil, Parmesan cheese, and a mixture of the tomatoes and herbs. I like sprinkling the tops with more Parmesan cheese and toasting in a low broiler for 15-20 minutes. This gives the ingredients a chance to weld together. Watch out that it doesn’t burn!. This is an easy and inexpensive appetizer.

Preserving tomatoes for winter cooking

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Tomatoes can be preserved for Wwnter cooking, saving dollars off of your grocery bill. There are methods for freezing, canning and drying tomatoes.

Freezing is the messiest, but fairly easy, and well worth being able to avoid paying high prices for less flavorful hothouse tomatoes all winter.  The freezing of tomatoes involves blanching them to easily remove the skins and cores. Tomatoes are dropped into hot, boiling water for just seconds. Take care not to begin a cooking process. That is the tricky part. The hot tomatoes are dropped immediately into cold water, causing the skins to split open for easy removal. The core is removed with a knife, and the tomato flesh is then vacuum sealed in Ziplock bags.

Unless you have a lot of freezer space, such as a stand-alone chest-type freezer, canning or drying tomatoes may be the best option.  See this article describing canning stewed tomatoes  How To Can Stewed Tomatoes-Recipe. Again, the tomatoes are blanched and the peeled, cored tomatoes are processed in jars sterilized in the dishwasher.

Tomatoes can be dried in the sun or in a food dehydrator. Sun dried tomatoes are popular in gourmet dishes. They can also be reconstituted for use in sauces by covering them with boiling water and letting them sit for 30 minutes. The water can also be used in the sauces.

Dry tomatoes in the sun by covering with metal screens or cheese cloth. Bring them in at night, and with a few days in the sun, you can have real sun dried tomatoes. Store them for reconstitution or for use in recipes. A food dehydrator is a better way to go if you have one. It is less trouble and faster. Slice tomatoes about one-quarter inch thick. Sprinkle each layer for the food dehydrator with kosher salt. Leave the dehydrator plugged in for about 10 hours.

Recipes using sun dried tomatoes

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Add a gourmet touch to cooking with sun dried tomatoes or tomatoes dried in a food hydra-tor. Pricey at the supermarket, dried homegrown tomatoes can save money. Make a Greek pizza by topping pizza crust with tomato sauce, feta cheese, dried tomatoes and black olives. Or try the angel hair pasta with sun-dried tomatoes recipe.

 

Ingredients
  • 8 ounces dried tomatoes, chopped
  • 1 pound angel hair pasta, cooked
  • 1teaspoon garlic, minced
  • 1 teaspoon parsley, fresh (chopped) or dried
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3/4 cup parmesan cheese
Instructions
  1. Cook pasta according to package directions. Drain and set aside.
  2. Heat olive oil in a skillet. Add the chopped dried tomatoes, parsley and garlic. Saute quickly.
  3. Top hot pasta with the dried tomato, herb and olive oil mixture and sprinkle on Parmesan cheese generously.

Tips for growing tomatoes

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  • start seeds indoors for early tomatoes
  • plant seeds or seedlings after a frost-free date
  • get seedlings from a local nursery to get the best for your area
  • get varieties that mature at different times, early Summer to late Fall.
  • mulch and fertilize with 10-10-10 fertilizer after planting
  • use soil that has been “worked”
  • plant where the tomatoes can get at least 6 hours of sun
  • make sure the tomatoes stay watered
  • fertilizer every 3-4 weeks with household plant food
  • provide a stake or cage for support

 

Christmas In July: A Complete Party Guide

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Have you ever celebrated Christmas in July? There are several reasons to explain this wacky holiday- from mission work to boosting slow mid-summer retail sales. Whatever the reason, it is a fun, refreshing celebration and a good excuse for a party.

Try it once and it will likely turn into a tradition. Here is a complete party guide to help throw this party without a lot of time and expense. Let this guide tickle the creative bone. I’ll bet that you come up with a few creative ideas of your own.

While traveling recently, I sauntered into a quaint little Gyro shop and laughed to see decorations from virtually every major holiday. There were Christmas lights, alabaster Easter eggs, grinning Jack-o-lanterns and more strung along walls and stuffed into corners. A sign reading ‘Welcome to Earl’s, Where Every Day Is A Holiday” hung above the bar.

The scene brought back a lovely childhood memory of Vacation Bible School as a kid. In July we had a few Christmas decorations, refreshments and played games. We collected items to send to worldwide missions for the real Christmas.

It was a practice introduced to Calvary Baptist Church in Washington DC in 1942 by a minister who brought the tradition from his own church in Philadelphia. A Christmas service was held each along Carols and a few decorations. Donations were collected for missions to share with the needy worldwide on the actual Christmas.

Other Ideas on the History of Christmas in July

There are still other ideas on the origin of Christmas in July. December in Australia and the southern hemisphere is in the middle of Summer. The Aussies like to celebrate with Half-Christmas or Yule Fest. It is believed that Northern Hemisphere tourists, while traveling in the Blue Mountains one Summer were so thrilled to see snow in July they convinced the hotel proprietor to throw a Christmas bash. The idea caught on with the Aussies. They could join in on all the Winter Wonderland excitement of a northern hemisphere Christmas.

Still another account of the beginning of Christmas in July has the holiday’s roots from a girl’s camp in North Carolina in 1933 where a big celebration was held complete with a visit from Santa. It was such a hit the celebration gained attention from a national magazine. Still,today, a great Christmas in July celebration is held annually in the town of West Jefferson, North Carolina.

Then there is the theory that Christmas In July began in the western world as a way to boost sales during a slow period. With no major gift giving holiday between Father’s Day and Christmas merchants, began the campaign in the 1950s to rev up sales. They could offer discounts to clear Summer merchandise and make way for Fall and Winter lines.

Party Theme and Decorating Ideas

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Whatever the reason for Christmas in July it serves as a great excuse to party. Make your party a charitable event for an even better Christmas In July experience. After all, Christmas is about giving. There are two ways to go with the party theme.

1. There is no set date for Christmas In July. In 1944 and 1945 the United States Postal Service joined the armed forces with a huge Christmas In July luncheon. The idea behind the celebration was early Christmas mailing for the troops.

If American, why not deck the halls with flags of freedom and do the same? Pick the Fourth of July for your party, or keep Independence Day ” independent” and select another day in July. Just throw in a little green with the red, white and blue. Instruct your guests to bring items for mailing to the troops. Have a big box covered in leftover Christmas wrap for your guests to place their donations in.

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2. The folks Down Under love having Christmas in July. They can enjoy the sights, sounds, smells and tastes associated with a cooler weather Christmas. In contrast, the majority of the northern hemisphere never experiences a tropical Christmas. You can with Christmas in July! Pick a tropical Christmas theme. Decorate with red and white silk-like tropical flowers. Let the host and hostess dress as Santa and Mrs. Claus.

Santa: tropical shirt, Bermudas, flip flops, Santa hat and sunshades

Mrs. Claus: grass skirt, bandanna bra, a lei and a flower tucked behind the ear.

Crank up the boom box with Jimmy Buffet’s Christmas Island CD.Instruct guests to bring a gift for a worldwide mission. Again, have a big box covered in Christmas wrap for donations.

Party Invitation Ideas

Party invitations are like a smile. Great invitations will set the stage for a successful party. Be sure to include the basics in the format of the invitations.

Name of the event

Name of host,hostess

Time,place, date

Special instructions (what to bring,dress, etc.)

Some ideas for invitations:

1. Recycle old Christmas cards. Type up the invitation and glue inside.

2. Write invitations on large balloons with an ultra fine point Sharpie. Instruct guests to blow up and read.

3. Send a message in a bottle invitation

Party Favors

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Party favors are optional. Here are some ideas to consider. Fill small sand pails with trial sized Summer items like sunblock and lotions or other goodies. Make the cute candy cane shades with white sunglasses and red electrical tape. Both the sand pail and sun shades can be found in stores that specialize in dollar merchandise.

 

 

 

Christmas in July Party Food

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Cold food, along with hot food from the grill is typical Summer fare. There is no need to change for Christmas in July. Simply grill the chicken, turkey or ham outdoors instead of in the oven. Wrap fresh veggies in foil and grill for side dishes.

 

 

 

Grilled turkey dogs will be a hit with the kids.

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Move over broccoli casserole! Add chopped red and green peppers to your favorite potato salad recipe for a bit of crunchy Christmas color.

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A peppermint ice cream igloo served with cupcakes iced in holiday colors is for dessert. For the “igloo” soften two pints of vanilla ice cream and stir in about two cups of crushed peppermint candy.

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Choose two bowls to use as molds, one bowl larger than the other. Add a tablespoon of water in each bowl before filling with the softened ice cream. Refreeze the ice cream for an hour or two. Remove from the freezer and unmold.

 

 

 

 

 

Love hot cocoa in Christmas mugs? Fill those mugs with peppermint chocolate shakes for a cold cup of cocoa.

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Idea: Go potluck with this party and have guests bring a dish of their choice. Provide a main dish.

Party Activities

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A few directed activities can really add to a party. Try these ideas for your Christmas in July party.

1. Have Christmas Carol Karaoke. Home Karaoke machines will have them.

2. Play Bad Santa. Have guests bring a fun, inexpensive wrapped gift. The host or hostess opens the first gift and then chooses someone to open a second gift. The second guest can keep his gift or swap gifts with the host or hostess. The second guest then chooses the next guest to open a gift. This guest continues the game.

3. Kids at the party? Set up a Christmas cookie decorating or ornament making station.

4. Everyone will enjoy a water balloon snowball fight. Fill up lots of white balloons and choose teams.

5. Set up the den or TV room with a classic Christmas movie for guests to wander in and watch as they wish.

6. Sparklers and a few fireworks can close the party after dark.

 

There! Now wouldn’t you like to do this again next year? You have started a new tradition!

DIY Frosty Paws: Dog Friendly Ice Cream

 

Dog Days of Summer

What comes to your mind when you hear the expressions “dog days of summer” or “dog day afternoon?” I tend to think of an old dog laying out under a shade tree on a hot day. Or maybe that sentence we used to type over and over in typing class: The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dogs. ( It was used for practice because it has one of each of the letters in the alphabet).

In reality, the expression dog days of summer comes from the ancient Romans who associated scorching weather with Sirius, the Dog Star. It’s the brightest star in the constellation Caris Major, or Large Dog. The Greeks had used the term previously.

Originally, those were the days when Sirius rose along with the sun. It was known as a hiliacal rising, which means that a heavenly body becomes visible for a moment or two just before sunrise. Because of the gradual shift in the earth’s axis, this phenomenon doesn’t occur anymore.

Traditionally, the old Farmer’s Almanac listed the last weeks of July and the first weeks of August as “dog days” which coincides with the time of the rising of Sirius in ancient Greek times. These hot, hot days just before an autumn cool-down occur at that time in the Northern hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, they come in January and February.

Dog-friendly Ice Cream

Back to the subject of hot dogs, dogs can’t sweat to cool off like we do. They pant. That’s why they walk around most of the summer with their tongues hanging out. Why not help your pooch cool off with a dog-friendly frozen treat?

Most dogs can tolerate the lactose in yogurt. Lactose is milk sugar, and a lot of lactose isn’t good for dogs. Cheese is the dairy product lowest in lactose. That’s why it’s used in many dog treats. Check out the table below to compare the amount of lactose in dairy products.

If you aren’t sure your dog can tolerate a little lactose, start off slowly and watch for signs of lactose intolerance such as vomiting and diarrhea.

Frosty Paws Ice Cream

Back in the 1970s, an animal sciences professor at Ohio State University created what was marketed under the brand name Frosty Paws. The dairy ingredient he used was yogurt. Yogurt is lower in lactose than ice cream or milk. My understanding is that he created it for some sort of challenge or contest.

 

Product
Serving Size
Amount of Lactose in Grams
Ice Cream
1 cup
l2
Milk, whole and skim
1 cup
11
Yogurt
1 cup
5
Sour Cream
1/2 cup
4
Cottage Cheese
1/2 cup
3
Cheese, American and Swiss
1 ounce
1
Cheddar Cheese
1 ounce
0

Yummy dog-friendly ice cream is made with four basic ingredients: plain yogurt, natural peanut butter, bananas and honey. Easy to make, it can be frozen in bathroom-size paper cups and easily removed.

Help your dog stay cool during the dog days of summer!

Make Your Own Frosty Paws

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Yummy dog-friendly ice cream is made with four basic ingredients: plain yogurt, natural peanut butter, bananas and honey. Easy to make, it can be frozen in bathroom-size paper cups and easily removed.

Help your dog stay cool during the dog days of summer!

Ingredients for Doggy Ice Cream

  • One Large ripe banana, mashed
  • One cup Creamy natural peanut butter
  • Two cups Plain yogurt
  • Two tablespoons Honey

Instructions

  • With a potato masher and a fork, mash the banana
  • Put the yogurt in the blender
  • Melt the peanut butter in the microwave for a little under a minute, until soupy
  • Stir the honey into the peanut butter.
  • Add the mashed banana and peanut butter honey mixture to the blender
  • Mix on Milkshake Speed 2-3 minutes until well blended
  • Fill bathroom cups a little less than half full. Freeze 4-6 hours.
Mash one large ripe banana 

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Put the yogurt in a blender

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Microwave peanut butter until soupy

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Stir honey into peanut butter

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Add banana and peanut butter mixture

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Blend on milkshake setting until well blended

 

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Pour into bathroom cups and freeze

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